While psychiatrists such as Robert Schulte, MD are generally qualified to utilize most therapies commonly employed by other types of mental health practitioners, not all choose to do so, and we recognize that not all clinicians are the perfect fit for all needs. For this reason, we have prepared a brief overview.
Education: Bachelor's degree and specific training in substance abuse issues with some general psychology. May or may not have a master's degree.
Certification: Generally, Certified Addiction Counselor (multiple levels).
Methods that may be employed: Psychotherapy (talking therapy), family intervention, and group therapy.
Education: Bachelor's or master's degree, generally in psychology or social work (occasionally Doctorate in Social Work).
Certification: Academy of Certified Social Work, Diplomate of Clinical Social Work.
Methods that may be employed: Psychotherapy (talking therapy), Behavioral therapy.
Education: Ph.D. (philosophy) or Psy.D. (psychology), internship and/or post-doctoral fellowship (usually an additional year), and possibly further education in specialized areas such as EMDR, hypnosis, and Cognitive Behavioral therapy.
Certification: Most psychologists (clinical or otherwise) pass a state exam and must be licensed by the psychological board in the state in which they practice. Some psychologists are further certified in treatment protocols such as EMDR, hypnosis, and Cognitive Behavioral therapy.
Methods that may be employed: Psychotherapy (talking therapy), Cognitive or Behavioral therapy (or both), Hypnosis, EMDR.
Education: M.D. followed by internship and residency (usually four or more years) in psychiatry, and possible further certification in sub-specialty areas. Some psychiatrists, including Dr. Schulte, also have an undergraduate degree in psychology